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At the time, his discovery was overlooked, mostly due to the success of steam power.
Ethanol fuel received little attention until 1860 when Nicholas Otto began experimenting with internal combustion engines. before petroleum was a blend of alcohol and turpentine called "camphene", also known as "burning fluid." The discovery of a ready supply of oil and unfavorable taxation on burning fluid made kerosene a more popular fuel.
Similarly, at both the national and regional levels, ERS evaluates the environmental consequences of changing production practices and land use patterns.
As corn-based ethanol use under the mandate levels off at 15 billion gallons after 2015, considerable uncertainty remains about the development of a cellulosic biofuel industry, from which The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) requires 16 billion gallons of fuel by 2022.
In recent years, the agricultural sector has been challenged to provide not just food, feed, and fiber to U. and world consumers, but also to meet a larger share of our nation's transportation fuel needs.
Responding to this development, ERS's role has been to interpret and to anticipate the implications of increased biofuel production for commodity and livestock markets, land use and environmental indicators, retail food prices, and other aspects related to the economics of food and agriculture.
ERS has provided ongoing analysis of commodity markets with its market outlook program, the development of 10-year "baseline" projections for agriculture that incorporate EISA provisions, data development, and special studies.
Ethanol made primarily from corn has been used as an additive to meet oxygenate standards designed to improve air quality, but recent legislation has called for renewable biofuels to supplant the use of fossil fuels, reduce dependence on petroleum imports, and lower greenhouse gas emissions.
The Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 mandates an increase in biofuels use, from 9.0 billion gallons in 2008 to 36 billion gallons in 2022, which would equate to one-fifth of current U. gasoline and diesel consumption, and far higher than the 1.6 billion gallons of biofuels produced in 2000.